Preventative Healthcare for Your Puppy
We recommend a thorough, comprehensive physical exam for your new puppy. This exam should be done as soon as possible after you bring your puppy home. You will be informed of the physical exam and will be able to discuss feeding schedules, house-training techniques and behavior training.
Puppies need a series of vaccinations to establish their immunity to specific diseases. After the initial series, adult dogs need boosters every year. There are several types of vaccinations every dog should receive.
6 - 8 weeks:
|1st DHPP (Distemper, hepatits, parainfluenza and parvo)|
|10 - 12 weeks:||
2nd DHLPP (Distemper, hepatitis, leptosporosis, parainfluenza and parvo)
|1st Lyme vaccine|
|1st Bordetella vaccine (kennel cough)|
|12 - 16 weeks:||3rd DHLPP|
|2nd Lyme vaccine|
After the initial series of vaccinations, Lyme and Bordetella are given annually. DHLPP is boostered 1 year later, then given every 3 years. The Leptosporosis portion of the DHLPP, is given annually.
A stool sample should be checked annually for worms. there are 6 types of parasites a dog frequently has: roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, tapeworms, coccidia and giardia. Only two of these would ever be observed in the stool by owners. Therefore, a microscopic examination is required.
There are several kinds of parasites that live on the skin of dogs. These include fleas, ticks, lice, and mites. It is important to have your pet examined yearly to determine if these parasites are present and best how to treat and prevent them.
Heartworm Prevention and Detection:
Each year a blood sample should be tested for heartworm disease. This is usually done in the spring or early summer. Heartworms are transmitted from dog to dog by the bite of a mosquito. The adult worms live in the heart and release young larval forms into the bloodstream. Left untreated, they can cause heart failure. If the test is negative, there are several types of prevention that are recommended to protect your dog should he/she be bitten by an infected mosquito. If your pet does get the disease, it IS treatable, however, the treatment is expensive and there are risks to the pet. The cost of the prevention is minimal compared to the cost of treatment.
A good puppy food is essential for the first year of your puppy's life. there are several types of diet available. Any high-quality, commercial pet food is a good choice, provided you stick to the reputable brands such as: Purina One, Hill's Science Diet, and Iams, to name a few.
Neutering and Spaying:
If your pet is to remain primarily a family companion, there is no question as to the benefits of having your pet neutered or spayed. These procedures are best done at 4 to 6 months of age for both sexes.
Routine Ear Cleaning, Nail Trimming, and Dental Scaling:
The hospital staff will explain these, and show you how. Routine grooming can be a very important part of your pet's well-being.